How to Play Japanese Three-Player Mahjong
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Introduction

Preliminaries

The Winds & "the Oya"

Bonus Tiles

Playing the Game

Building a Hand - The Basics

Building a Hand with Special Combinations

How to Complete a Hand

Interrupting Play with Pon and Kan

Special Cases

Mistakes

Points and Payments

Yaku Table

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Calculating the Scores and Payments

To calculate the number of points:

  1. Add up the total value of the yaku.
  2. Add 1 point for each dora.
  3. Add 2 points to the total.

Then use the following chart to calculate the payout. Track down the score column and then across to the payout section which shows who has to pay whom and how much.


Score Ron
Payment to Ko
Ron
Payment to Oya
Tsumo
Payment to Ko by losing Ko/Oya
Tsumo
Payment to Oya
Divide fee 50/50 between
the two Ko players.
3 1,000 1,500 300 / 500 1,000
4 2,000 3,000 500 / 1,000 2,000
5 4,000 6,000 1000 / 2,000 4,000
6-7
Mangan
8,000 12,000 2,000 / 4,000 8,000
8-9
Haneman
12,000 18,000 3,000 / 6,000 12,000
10-12
Double Mangan
16,000 24,000 4,000 / 8,000 16,000
13-15
Triple Mangan
24,000 36,000 6,000 / 12,000 24,000
Yakuman 32,000 48,000 8,000 / 16,000 32,000
Double
Yakuman
64,000 96,000 16,000 / 32,000 64,000
Triple
Yakuman
96,000 144,000 24,000 / 48,000 96,000



The Reckoning


Players agree on a gambling rate before the game commences, for example, 50 yen per 1,000 points.

Each player starts the game with 45,000 points in score tallies. However, each player "owes the table" 50,000 points. In other words, each player starts the game needing to increase his position by 5,000 points in order to avoid sustaining a loss.

At the end of the game players add up their score tallies. Any player who has 50,000 points breaks even. Any Player with less than 50,000 points calculates how far below 50,000 his total is and pays the table accordingly. Any player who has more than 50,000 points takes the appropriate amount of tallies from the table. The top player also wins a bonus of 5,000 points per player.

Example

Player Ken John Taro
Total Points in Player's Trays 88,000 -15,000 62,000
Points minus 50,000 38,000 + (3 x 5,000) bonus for coming top = 53,000 - 65,000 12,000
Cash (1,000 points = 50 yen) Y2,650 - Y3,250 Y600

In this example there are two winners and one loser. At the end of the game John's tray was empty; he had paid out all his tallies and an extra 15,000 points as well. He owes a total of 65,000 points (i.e. his initial 45,000 points, plus the 5,000 debt to the table, plus the extra 15,000 points). At a gambling rate of 50 yen per 1,000 points he owes 3,250 yen.

Taro finished the game with 62,000 points in his tray, so he has a surplus of 12,000 points (62,000 - 50,000 = 12,000). At a gambling rate of 50 yen per 1,000 points he will receive 600 yen.

Ken came top with 88,000 points in his tray, so he has a surplus of 38,000 points (88,000 - 50,000 = 38,000). As he is top he wins the bonus 5,000 points-per-player that were owed to the table at the beginning of the game. Thus his total is now 53,000 (38,000 + 3 x 5,000). At a gambling rate of 50 yen per 1,000 points he will receive 2,650 yen.

Note how the totals in each row balance. The total score should always add up to zero.


Two Winners With The Same Number of Points

Where two winners have the same number of points, if one of them is the Oya then he receives the winning bonus. If the Oya is not one of the winners then the next winning player anticlockwise to him is declared the winner and receives the winning bonus.


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Page last modified: 10th September 2011